Starting with the first question regarding “is the art well-known?”, the list of 14 patents were evaluated for the number of times they’d been cited by others as shown in the figure. It’s found that two of the patents have drawn the most interest. But although they’ve drawn the most interest, the citation counts and more importantly the average number of citations per year are low numbers when compared to benchmarks for high-value inventions in this technology area. Thus the analysis team can conclude that this field isn’t active when compared to other fields, and perhaps important for this company is their own R&D work is not well known, as it was not cited by any other entities. This slide raises three other considerations for the analysis team. Do they need to expand the search? Does their company not possess key art in this field at all? Would a citation root tree approach be a viable way to uncover such art?